The most frequently applied types of crystallization are: Evaporative crystallization Cooling crystallization from solution or the melt Reactive crystallization or precipitation. The results support and extend the idea thatthe sympatho­ The apoptosis level in rapid-cooling population (5.18%) was not significantly different from that of the mononucleated cell population that underwent slow-cooling (3.81%), with a p value = 0.138. Rapid cooling pri­ marily delays the metabolic response andslow cooling lowers the threshold for heat loss decrease. For a cooling crystallization, natural cooling profiles should be avoided, as most of the material crystallizes too fast. Rapid cooling of the solution induces the formation of many nucleation sites, thus favors the growth of many small crystals. Linear cooling rates are a first approximation. Effect of cooling rates and low crystallization temperatures on morphology of lactose crystals obtained ... rather than the slow cooling. Slow cooling gives the crystals time to add more ions and grow larger, while fast cooling causes the ions to rapidly lose their motion and combine rapidly, producing numerous nuclei which compete for smaller number of ions. Felsic rocks are characterized by _____. melting, cooling and crystallization. However, when samples were cooled faster at 3°C/min, there was less time for water to leave the cells, and the risk of intracellular ice formation was correspondingly higher with incomplete dehydration. ... melting, cooling and crystallization weathering, erosion, deposition, lithification transformation by heat, pressure and/or the action of fluids All of the above. crystallizes “too slow”, the release from the mold will be problematic. Additionally, a solvent can be selected to minimize impurities. This study presents influence of rapid and extra rapid cooling rate and crystallization at low temperatures on the morphological parameters of lactose crystals. This procedure is based on the principle of direct contact between a spe-cimen dissolved … Thus, slow cooling is preferred. Presenting a characteristic crystallization temperature as a function of the (log) cooling rate provides useful insight into the crystallization behavior of the material studied. those cells undergoing slow-cooling, rapid-cooling is a potential alternative solution [8]. Figure 2 shows the crystallization peak temperature of PET vs. log cooling rate. ofthe thermoregulatory response to repeated cooling may be different and it depends on the tYPe ofthe preceding slow or rapid cooling. Crystallization processes/techniques can be distinguished by the manner in which the supersaturation is created. Cooling materials super-quickly, called rapid solidification, prevents the normal crystalline structures of materials from forming, often creating unique properties in the process. Slow cooling would give more time for near-equilibrium conditions to be attained and facilitate a more complete and uniform dehydration. Rate of cooling determines the size of the crystal. The rates can be classified as slow, realistic, fast and crash cooling for rates of <5, <10, <15 and >15°C h −1, respectively. Because rapid cooling creates smaller crystals that aren't as nice to look at, nor as structuraly sound as slow cooling crystals. Rapid-cooling is a cryopreservation method that requires an ultra-rapid cooling rate. slow cooling rapid cooling abrupt quenching. However, slow cooling induces the formation of fewer nucleation sites, and favors larger and purer crystals.

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