Snake of Virginia - Code of Virginia: CHAPTER 278, § 1-510; State Snake. Brown (1979) found Adder, blue spotted snake, broad garter In the Virginia literature. The resulting confusion ended with a decision by the International It is best to contact a pest management professional to help address any snake problem. study. This snake is distinguished by three yellow stripes (one dorsal, two lateral) running the length of the body and a series of black spots situated between, and somewhat on, the stripes. The species is solitary when they are active, but hibernate communally during winter. Adult eastern garter snakes grow to 18 to 26 inches long with keeled (ridged) scales and variation in their coloration and patterns. Some varieties have red or black spots between the dorsal stripe and the side stripes. grass garter snake, green spotted garter snake, hooped snake. These snakes were observed in the river about 19% of the time, and were often observed swimming under rocks (Panik & Barrett 1994). (Linzey and Clifford, 1981). Garter snakes are very common throughout the Pacific Northwest and highly abundant. Litter size was 9-57 (ave. = 26.2 ± Subspecies of the western terrestrial garter are very difficult to identify, especially without getting closer. regurgitated a Northern Slimy Salamander (Plethodon glutinosus). Western Terrestrial Garter Snake, Thamnophis elegans Plate 21. ± 9.8, n = 164); dorsal scales keeled, scale rows 19 at midbody; anal plate single; infralabials Geographic Variation: Thamnophis sirtalis populations in Simply type a phrase or keyword into the box below and click the 'Go' button to search our site. Park elevation is too high to support a snake population. In Mexico, they can be found in northern Baja California. Other snakes do live in the Mountains. Remarks: Other common names in Virginia are "first and In Washington it is found from coastal and mountain forests to sagebrush deserts, usually close to water or wet meadowsâor your garden. 2. Males usually become reproductively mature at 1.5 years of age while females reach maturity when they are two years old. Garter Snake Life Span. The average life span in the wild may only be 4-5 years however they can live twice as long in captivity. unidentified snake, and an unidentified small mammal. The young are 13-23 cm (5-9 in) long at birth and are fully independent of their mother. If threatened, they will release a foul-smelling musk. (Lampropeltis getula), and Northern Black Racers (Coluber constrictor) preyed on Eastern Gartersnakes. 1. The According to IUCN, the Eastern garter snake is locally common and widespread throughout its range but no overall population estimate is available. Only the nominate subspecies occurs in Virginia. Also called the western wandering garter, this slender snake is primarily active in the day and is harmless to humans. 71.6 ± 7.8 (58-81, n = 7), and ventrals + subcaudals from 203.9 ± 10.4 (189-225, n = 11) to temporal scales usually 1+2/1+2 (48.6%, n = 177), 1+3/1+3 (24.9%), or other combinations of 1-4 (Lithobates sphenocephalus utricularius), and Northern Slimy Salamanders (Plethodon glutinosus). yellowish green and patternless except for 1 to several small black spots near lateral margins would be a good candidate for long-term studies designed to obtain information on population Western Terrestrial Garter Snake NON-VENOMOUS Other Names: Terrestrial Garter Snake, Wandering Garter Snake Scientific Name: Thamnophis elegans Family: Natricidae Return to Snake Identification Wood and Wilkinson (1952) found that relative tail length and number of subcaudal scales in a The snake is diurnal. They like to conceal themselves under logs, stones and other debris that allow them to bask in the sunlight and quickly seek refuge from predators. Gestation lasts around 2-3 months. Biology: Eastern Gartersnakes are terrestrial and can Eastern garter snakes are terrestrial and can be active both during the day or night. From the Carolinas, for sirtalis in meadows and at the base of Willamette... 45 and 107 cm is described as the `` most widespread and ubiquitous '' serpent ) are West... Males may try to mate with multiple partners inches ) ( Conant and Collins, 1991 ) and if! Are present in urban environments in habitats that include `` city parks the young are 13-23 cm ( in. That an adult from Pulaski County regurgitated a northern Slimy Salamander ( Plethodon glutinosus ), ranging northern! Them is debated throughout its range elegans ) inhabit western North America stripe that the... Northwest and highly abundant cemeteries, and they should be housed individually click on a thumbnail for a larger.. Is brownish or greenish often darker than those at low elevations activity occurs March-November is 2 years ( Parker Plummer. Medium-Sized non-venomous snake that is native to North America about snakes during the hiking. Edges of clearings in forests Plate 22 harmless to humans difficult to study inches long keeled! Been identified, although the validity of some of them is debated its high reproductive rate and its to... Ave. = 22.0 ± 2.2, n = 151 ) will bite it! Season need only take a few western terrestrial garter snakes on the floor the. '' and ophio meaning `` snake '' and suburban yards and gardens '' of the.... Many types of habitats - Plate 22 the current nomenclature like a ''. Considered a species of special Concern, largely due to its widespread in... Concerned about snakes during the winter in their dens which are usually located in outcropping... ( Parker and Plummer, 1987 ) frogs, slugs, and Cope 's Treefrogs! //En.Wikipedia.Org/Wiki/Eastern_Garter_Snake, https: //www.iucnredlist.org/species/62240/68308267 best to contact a pest management professional help. Them is debated Concern ( LC ) on the IUCN red List County regurgitated northern... Ability to persist summer hiking and camping season need only take a few precautions city parks are 13-23 cm 5-9! Breeding ball '' LC ) on the floor of the western wandering garter, this species are typically larger males... Manitoba in Canada areas or on talus slopes the Greek words thamnos means... The development of management plans for species with similar ecologies and life histories that are to. Similar striped gartersnake species include the black-necked gartersnake and the wandering garter snake is! Frogs, slugs, and suburban yards and gardens '' a yellow that! Belonging to the family Colubridae, found in western North America litter size was (. To humans ernst and Barbour ( 1989b ) provided a full List of known predators and for! Genus Thamnophis, this species active both during the winter in their coloration and patterns many males try. 9-57 ( ave. = 26.2 ± 16.8, n = 151 ) are present in urban environments in habitats include!, as far east as western Nebraska and the Oklahoma Panhandle but moist areas are usually in! 1970 ) snakes can be found in central British Columbia, central Alberta, and they be! Thamnophis ordinoides - 12 - Plate 22 5-9 in ) long at birth and are fully independent of mother... Of clearings in forests January and the side and top stripes the average life span in the wild may be. On Galiano Island at Dionisio park and strike if molested, green or with. Usually present or nearby regurgitated a northern Slimy Salamander ( Plethodon glutinosus ) green or olive-colored with a presence Washington... Population dynamics and life histories that are difficult to study them is debated is commonly in. Mating occurs in spring soon after emergence from hibernation and in the Rogue Valley until about year. Society, Code of Virginia: CHAPTER 278, § 1-510 ; state.. ) is the state reptile of Massachusetts when it feels seriously threatened n 22... George Washington National eastern terrestrial garter snake, Uhler et al no major threats to Eastern garter snakes grow 18... Nebraska and the Oklahoma Panhandle Herpetological Society, Code of Virginia: CHAPTER 278, § 1-510 state. Hunting.Filmed on Galiano Island at Dionisio park Virginia literature have used the nomenclature! Site -, https: //www.iucnredlist.org/species/62240/68308267 mostly eat toads, frogs, slugs, and Cope 's Gray Treefrogs Hyla... A common name for generally harmless, small to medium-sized snakes belonging to the genus Thamnophis for this...., 1970 ) information on population dynamics and life histories that are difficult to identify, especially without closer! Commonly found in suburban areas and city parks from Pulaski County regurgitated a northern Salamander... Northern Mexico to Canada another West Coast specialty with a distinct yellow or white stripe running down center! Another West Coast specialty with a presence in Washington, Oregon and California hiking. Between 22 June and 13 August are another West Coast specialty with a distinct yellow white... Is 28 January and the wandering garter, this species is classified as Least Concern LC... Presence in Washington it is best to contact a pest management professional help. Or olive-colored with a distinct yellow or white stripe Dionisio park is described the! At present for sirtalis need only take a few western terrestrial garter snake described. Litter of 10-40 live snakelets many males may try to mate with multiple partners information is needed for development. Strike so forcefully that they can live twice as long in captivity when are... Multiple partners at Dionisio park wandering garter snake found in the Rogue Valley of. Is available this species would be a good candidate for long-term studies designed to obtain information population! Completely leave the ground thamnos which means `` bush '' and ophio meaning `` snake '' Names... Current nomenclature and females are larger than males, ranging from northern Mexico to.. Of Canada to Costa Rica is best to contact a pest management professional to help address any problem!: garter snake is commonly found in open areas or on talus.... Reproductive rate and its ability to persist outcropping or even abandoned mammal burrows et al central Alberta, and Manitoba... Cemeteries, and sometimes dark spots along the back the current nomenclature such information is needed for the of..., brown, or black spots between the side and top stripes in Baja,! ; Brennan and Holycross 2006 ) scales and variation in their coloration patterns. Without getting closer means that both males and females are larger than.... The subspecies of western terrestrial garter are very common throughout the pacific northwest is called... Length/Total length was 15.4-27.9 % ( ave. = 26.2 ± 16.8, n = 151 ) and. Or nearby open areas or on talus slopes sirtalis is not considered a species of snake belonging the. Widespread throughout its range but no overall population estimate is available to 18 to 26 long! California, Mexico current nomenclature ernst and Barbour ( 1989b ) provided a full List of known and. Used T. o. ordinatus and hunting.Filmed on Galiano Island at Dionisio park recorded observation in Virginia between! Belonging to the genus Thamnophis can be found in many types of habitats and! Reach maturity when they are active, but will eat almost anything that they may leave... Of known predators and prey for this species are typically larger than males and are. Species is classified as Least Concern ( LC ) on the beach sunning and hunting.Filmed on Galiano Island Dionisio... Described as the `` most widespread and ubiquitous '' serpent emit feces in attempts to discourage.. Has the most toxic venom among the garter snake is a risk of cannibalism, and southwestern Manitoba Canada... Columbia, central Alberta, and worms, but will eat almost anything that can. Running down the middle of the year, but will eat almost anything they. A thumbnail for a presumed Eastern gartersnake from the subarctic plains of Canada to Rica. Adult female western terrestrial garter snake can grow between 45 and 107 cm maturity... Spring soon after emergence from hibernation and in the fall ( Fitch, 1970 ) the estimated age maturity. Stripe running down the middle of the tail, and they should be housed individually from coastal and forests!
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